Intuition

This is a spectacular example of both how easily our intuitions can lead us astray, and how easy it is to draw false conclusions from them. (Baggini 2011:61)

The key to successful decision-making, we believe, is knowing when to trust intuition and when to be wary of it and do the hard work of thinking things through. (Chabris and Simons 2010:235)

One of the messages in this book is indeed negative: Be wary of your intuitions, especially intuitions about how your own mind works. (Chabris and Simons 2010:241)

The problem is not the absence of revelations but a cacophony of revelations. Which ones should be heeded, if any, and why? Once you ask that question, you have gone beyond raw intuition and have reentered the realm of reason. Faith as intuition is a kind of faith that no thinking person should aspire to. (Dacey 2008:92–93)

The good news, however, is that the self also has made reason and scientific observation possible, and reason and science, in turn, have been gradually correcting the misleading intuitions prompted by the unaided self. (Damasio 2010:13)

Intuitions come first, strategic reasoning second. … Keep your eye on the
intuitions, and don’t take people’s moral arguments at face value. (Haidt 2012:xiv)

But science has progressed by violating many (if not most) of our innate, proto-scientific intuitions about the nature of reality. (Harris 2010:208)

…ministers are fond of following ideology and intuition when embarking on new educational initiatives, but much less keen on evaluating them properly to find out whether they really work. (Henderson 2012:174)

…the accurate intuitions of experts are better explained by the effects of prolonged practice than by heuristics. … Expert intuition strikes us as magical, but it is not. Indeed, each of us performs feats of intuitive expertise many times a day. (Kahneman 2011:11)

System 1 continuously generates suggestions for System 2: impressions, intuitions, intentions, and feelings. If endorsed by System 2, impressions and intuitions turn into beliefs… (Kahneman 2011:24)

The bat-and-ball problem is our first encounter with an observation that will be a recurrent theme of this book: many people are overconfident, prone to place too much faith in their intuitions. (Kahneman 2011:45)

Those who avoid the sin of intellectual sloth could be called “engaged.” They are more alert, more intellectually active, less willing to be satisfied with superficially attractive answers, more skeptical about their intuitions. The psychologist Keith Stanovich would call them more rational. (Kahneman 2011:46)

The combination of a coherence-seeking System 1 with a lazy System 2 implies that System 2 will endorse many intuitive beliefs… System 1 is radically insensitive to both the quality of the information that gives rise to impressions and intuitions. (Kahneman 2011:86)

Following our intuitions is more natural, and somehow more pleasant, than acting against them. (Kahneman 2011:194)

The experts agreed that they knew the sculpture was a fake without knowing how they knew—the very definition of intuition. (Kahneman 2011:235)

Klein and I eventually agreed on an important principle: the confidence that people have in their intuitions is not a reliable guide to their validity. In other words, do not trust anyone—including yourself—to tell you how much you should trust their judgment. (Kahneman 2011:239–40)

Claims for correct intuitions in an unpredictable situation are self-delusional at best, sometimes worse. … Remember this rule: intuition cannot be trusted in the absence of stable regularities in the environment. (Kahneman 2011:241)

Our conclusion was that for the most part it is possible to distinguish intuitions that are likely to be valid from those that are likely to be bogus. … Unfortunately, associative memory also generates subjectively compelling intuitions that are false. … This is why subjective confidence is not a good diagnostic of accuracy… (Kahneman 2011:243)

[Kahneman and Tversky] have produced a body of work studying ‘the susceptibility to erroneous intuitions of intelligent, sophisticated, and perceptive individuals’… (Lanchester 2010:116)

When we intuit something, we find it believable without knowing why. (Lynch 2012:26)

Intuition is not occult, but it is a personal matter. (Lynch 2012:28)

If reason is to engage in justification, and there can be unjustified and justified emotions and intuitions, then emotions and intuitions can be rationally evaluated. (Lynch 2012:31)

Intuitions are often correct, and men are wrong if they think they can dismiss an idea of a woman’s just because she can’t give clear account of how she reached it… how do we know that some are right and some are wrong, and which are which? Obviously because of the evidence… (Radcliffe Richards 1994:47)

…to the extent that intuition can be defended, that defence stems from reason. (Radcliffe Richards 1994:48)

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